Types of angina overview
Angina, also called angina pectoris, is a manifestation of coronary heart disease characterized by attacks of pain in the region of the heart. It is associated with a deterioration in coronary circulation (usually due to atherosclerosis of the heart arteries). With the development of this illness, attacks of angina become more frequent, and the duration increases. If the symptoms of angina are left untreated, it can lead to myocardial infarction.
Despite the fact that angina is a frequent phenomenon, it can be very difficult to distinguish the illness as long as the signs of angina pectoris are similar to other conditions, such as indigestion or other types of breast pain. There are several causes that can provoke this condition
- increased pressure;
- physical exercise;
The development of angina diagnosis is also affected by smoking, obesity, diabetes mellitus, increased blood clots, etc. As a rule, the painful sensations last several minutes and disappear after taking nitroglycerin.
Types of angina
Clinically, several types of angina pain are distinguished by the nature of the course. This is convenient for determining treatment tactics:
- Stable exertional angina — attacks occur during physical exertion. Pain or discomfort is relieved by rest or taking nitroglycerin;
- Unstable angina pectoris — can develop in a calm state without obvious provoking factors or with such loads that have not previously caused pain.
Stable vs unstable angina are dangerous conditions that can lead to myocardial infarction. If you notice the first signs of angina, you should immediately make an appointment with a cardiologist.
Symptoms of angina
Angina pectoris manifests itself in the form of discomfort and pain localized behind the sternum. Painful sensations of a pressing, squeezing character.
You may also feel unpleasant sensations in the left arm, lower jaw, and stomach. During an attack, the patient has a blanching of the skin, cold sweat may also appear.
After visiting the doctor, you will have to undergo a general examination and take some tests. In addition to examining the patient and collecting complaints, the cardiologist prescribes a number of body studies:
- analysis of urine;
- blood tests (general, biochemical, hormonal);
- ultrasound of the heart.
Depending on the severity of the patient’s condition and angina causes, the doctor may prescribe medications or surgical treatment.
For the treatment of angina pectoris, drugs are used to:
- lower blood pressure (beta-blockers);
- reduce the load on the heart muscle (nitrates, etc.);
- prevent thrombus formation (antiplatelet agents);
- lower blood cholesterol levels (hypolipidemic).
In particularly severe cases, surgery is the only solution. Indications for surgery are determined by the attending physician on an individual basis.
Angina attack what to do: methods of prevention
In order to avoid the development of types of angina, it is necessary to exclude possible risk factors, including overweight, smoking and constant stress.
Most of the adult population suffers from certain pathologies of the cardiovascular system. It is extremely important to undergo regular examination of the body and respond to the occurrence of unpleasant symptoms. In our medical center you can get qualified expert advice, as well as pass all the necessary tests.
If a person has already encountered agnina, then it’s important to avoid physical and psycho-emotional stress, use medicines for prevention and regularly visit a cardiologist. By making a visit to our clinic, the patient receives a complete list of recommendations from our professionals with a step-by-step instruction of further angina treatment.