What is hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism is a condition of overactive thyroid gland accompanied by an overproduction of thyroxine and triiodothyronine. An increase in the level of hormones in the blood accelerates metabolic processes in the body and has a negative effect on almost all organ systems. The symptoms of hyperthyroidism reduce the patient’s quality of life.
The disease usually develops within a few months. It can also occur suddenly or be provoked over the years. Hyperthyroidism diagnosis can be transient and stop spontaneously, alternating with periods of remission. Adequate and timely hyperthyroidism treatment prevents complications and slows down pathological processes, up to the full restoration of thyroid function.
The first signs of dysfunction are uncharacteristic, so the illness is often confused with other somatic conditions.The symptoms of hyperthyroidism increase as metabolic processes in the body are disrupted.
The main signs of the disorder:
- loss of body weight, maintaining appetite, volume and quality of food;
- arrhythmia, tachycardia;
- anxiety, depression;
- enlarged thyroid gland;
- increased sweating;
- minor tremor of fingers and hands;
- hormone changes;
- increased fatigue.
Hyperthyroidism symptoms in men is a decrease in potency, sexual desire. In women they are characterized by increased levels of thyroid hormones which cause menstrual irregularities. Pregnancy can result in spontaneous abortion. Hyperthyroidism symptoms in women can also be a decrease in fertility up to infertility.
A number of endocrine diseases can lead to thyroid dysfunction, such as:
- Graves’ illness. The syndrome is autoimmune in nature. The body produces antibodies that stimulate the thyroid gland to produce excess amounts of the T4 hormone;
- Nodular goiter, toxic adenoma. The listed pathologies are accompanied by the formation of benign nodes in the tissues of the gland, which begin to produce hormones and causes of hyperthyroidism. Doctors cannot yet say for sure why some adenomas synthesize T4, while others don’t;
- Thyroiditis. The inflammatory process destroys thyroid cells. Hormones enter the bloodstream and cause hyperthyroidism. The autoimmune nature of thyroiditis is also possible. The body produces antibodies against TSH receptors. The cells cause active growth and inflammation of the thyroid gland.
The disorder is most susceptible to people with a hereditary predisposition to endocrine pathologies. Hyperthyroidism symptoms are more common in females than in males. The development of the illness is also influenced by the environmental situation, chronic iodine deficiency or stress.
Diagnosis of hyperthyroidism starts with a visit to an endocrinologist. The doctor asks the patient questions that will help in the diagnosis: how long have the clinical symptoms appeared, what is the dynamics of the disease, are there any other patients with goiter or thyroiditis in the family. A physical examination is mandatory: palpation of the thyroid gland. With obvious hyperthyroidism, professionals of Advanced Medical Care will try to feel the contours of the organ, determine its position, the uniformity of the structure, and soreness. After the examination, the patient receives referrals for a further hyperthyroidism test to accurately diagnose the hyperthyroidism causes.
The approach to therapy depends on the causes of hyperthyroidism, the age and condition of the patient.
The treatment process may be various:
- radioactive iodine preparations.
- antithyroid drugs.
- symptomatic treatment.
- surgical intervention.
Our clinic struggles to find the most comfortable and easy way to treat the illness. Qualified specialist and pleasant environment will do every patient good.