Syncope – faint

What is a syncope?

Syncope fainting is a kind of physical condition during which there is a probability of losing consciousness temporally. This disorder occurs due to the organism’s reaction to particular triggers, such as blood phobia (the fear at the sight of blood) or extreme emotional state like stress. Thereby, these factors make your heart rate and arterial pressure abruptly drop. Eventually, the bloodstream to the brain becomes blocked and the patient starts to pass out. As a rule, faints are innocuous and do not require a serious syncope treatment. However, there is a strong possibility of being injured when you experience fainting. The specialist can advise going through examination to prevent various repercussions, for example cardiovascular diseases.

Syncope causes

Generally, the reason for fainting is a low rate of the blood pressure as a result of some disturbance in the nervous system. The triggers include sudden emotional changes, possible frights and blood sight. Thus, the heart rate slows down and the blood vessels become wide. It makes the blood in your legs flow and reduces the arterial pressure. Finally, the lack of circulation leads to syncope symptoms. There is a number of factors that can provoke syncope fainting, including:

  • staying in an upright position for a long time;
  • temperature influence;
  • blood fear;
  • taking blood test;
  • aging;
  • stress sensitivity;
  • headaches or migraines;
  • nervous system disorders;
  • cardiovascular conditions;
  • fear of being injured;
  • voltage during a bowel movement.

Types of syncope

There is a vivid variety of syncope which is classified depending on syncope causes.

  • Vasovagal syncope. It is caused by extreme circulatory reflex. This kind of fainting is the most spread.
  • Situational syncope. In fact, it’s a form of the previous disease, but it can be developed in a specific situation, for example while loud coughing or suffering from sore throat.
  • Postural syncope. This type of faint is characterised by a temporal blood pressure reduction.
  • Cardiac syncope – one of the most dangerous ones, that occurs due to some heart diseases.
  • Neurologic syncope. Generally, constant headaches and stress can provoke such faint.

Syncope symptoms

The most common signs of syncope fainting are:

  • paleness;
  • dizziness;
  • difficulty in understanding;
  • hardship while seeing;
  • nausea;
  • high temperature;
  • cold and sticky sweating;
  • yawning;
  • jerky or abrupt movements;
  • dehydration;
  • slow pulse.

Usually recovery after different types of syncope becomes in a minute.

Syncope treatment and diagnosis

As you already know, there are various stages of faints. Depending on what is syncope for you it can be determined whether it’s life-threatening. Some people who are highly affected by this condition may even end up with several neurological disorders, especially the elderly. So, it’s vital to see the doctor and go through the course of therapy if necessary. Your doctor has to analyze your medical history, behavioral and climate changes to make a final diagnosis.

Besides, you will have to make some tests, such as:

  • neurological exam;
  • arterial pressure measurement;
  • heart rate bpm;
  • cardiogram;
  • physical examination;
  • blood sugar test;
  • echocardiogram;
  • stress test;
  • imaging tests if necessary.

Finally, your health care provider will be able to define your diagnosis and manage the problem. Possible ways of treatment:

  • Trigger avoiding and reducing
  • In case of recognising the symptoms of fainting, sit or lie down till your body can normally operate.
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