Overview

It is common for people to confuse a regular headache with a migraine, but they are different. A regular headache can range from mild to severe pain equally over a section of the head. Many headaches affect areas such as the temples, forehead or back of the neck. Overall, these painful sensations can range in frequency and intensity.

On the other hand, migraines are categorized as a primary headache disorder. In some cases, migraines may not even cause pain, but often their symptoms are debilitating. Several symptoms differentiate a migraine from a headache, such as:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Sensitivity to light and sound
  • Throbbing pain on one or both sides of the head
  • Difficulty speaking

Some people experience an aura before or with their migraine. An aura is a warning symptom such as visual disturbances or tingling on one side of the face.

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What Causes a Migraine?

There isn’t an exact reason why migraines occur, but there have been speculations that genetics and environmental factors are involved. While there is no true answer, several common risk factors that trigger migraines include:

  • Hormonal changes in women: Changes in estrogen levels and several hormone medications may set off a migraine in women.
  • High-stress environments: If you consistently put your body through tension, the stress might cause this condition.
  • Drinks: Some beverages, like those high in alcohol or caffeine, can start a migraine.
  • Overstimulation: Bright, flashing lights, loud sounds and strong smells may result in a migraine.
  • Weather changes: The changing temperature outside can create a pressure headache.
  • Affected sleep: Sleep on the opposite extremes — too little or too much — can spark a migraine.
  • Foods: Certain foods like aged cheese, chocolate, red wine, and processed foods have had a history of causing this condition.

Migraine Treatment Options

Depending on the history including the severity and consistency of your migraines, our doctors will choose one or a combination of the following treatments:

Medication Therapy

There are many medications available to target migraines and their accompanying symptoms.

All medication therapy is split into two groups:

  • Pain relievers: These medications are used as their name suggests — to relieve pain once it has started. Pain relievers can be found in over-the-counter options like aspirin or ibuprofen. There is also a group medication specifically design to help with migraine pain that must be prescribed by a doctor.
  • Preventive medications: These options prevent a migraine attack and must be taken regularly. Depending on the intensity and frequency of your migraines, the right regiment will be chosen by a doctor.

Botox Injections

Botox treatments for migraines usually consist of several shots around the head and neck performed by the doctor in our offices. To keep symptoms at bay, it should be done every 12 weeks.

Other Therapeutic Approaches

To treat migraine successfully, the neurologists at Advanced Medical Care also use different types of nerve blocks, special regiment of physical therapy, and acupuncture.

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Other common neurological conditions.

Contact Our Migraine Specialists in Queens or Brooklyn, NY

For more information on a treatment center near you, contact Advanced Medical Care today. Our neurologists specialize in migraines and are passionate about helping you recover.

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